Elon Musk has made a very ambitious and bold plan. It seems even sky is not enough for him and his company SpaceX. They now want to build a city in Mars and colonize it fast. They will be sending a couple of space ships filled with supply to the red planet within the span of five years and by 2024, they have plans to send the first humans. After that they will move on to build a space port, a complete city and so forth such that it will become the “second earth”.
This will be a big breakthrough in the whole structure of our solar system. This will not only change the relationship that we have with Mars, but also inspire a whole new generation of scientists and engineers.
So, according to the plan,Musk and his company SpaceX will first build a big robust rocket named BFR(Big Falcon Rocket). This rocket will be used as a shuttle to transport around 100 people in order to begin the process of colonization.
The obstacles in building the BFR
BFR is expected to be World’s biggest and most powerful rocket ever with a huge capacity, once it is built.
Therefore, arranging funds for building this launch vehicle is the biggest challenge. However, Musk has thought of “cannibalization” of his latest Falcon and Dragon Programs, as a great way to gather funds for it.
Musk has also modified the design of the BFR such that now it is smaller and a little less expensive than the original design. He has now included a ship and a rocket booster into one single system such that gradually it will replace the Falcon and Dragon spaceships.
The Tentative Plan
So,according to the plan, the first two BFRs will land on Mars by 2022. These spaceships will carry supplies and construction material. After a gap of two years, four set of BFRs would reach Mars, that is, in the year 2024. Two of them are expected to transport cargo and the remaining two are expected to transport human crew. As per Musk, around 6 BFRs would be more than enough to establish a small colony in Mars and start building a city over there.
The main goal behind this project is to be able to produce propellants easily, in order to power the spaceships returning to Earth. The unlimited supply of Carbon Dioxide and water available in Mars would be used to produce the propellants. He aims to begin mineral mining as well after that.
Musk is simultaneously planning to build a base on The Moon, in order to facilitate Lunar Missions. He thinks that we should have already built a base there for the Lunar Missions.